Bolivia’s “Law of Mother Earth”


01 Rainforest Bolivia

In America (and throughout other parts of the world) there is a strong discussion of “human rights.” Humans have a right to this, and humans have a right to that. But we’re only one small species in the vast web of creation. What about the laws of the planet? The laws of Mother Earth?

In Bolivia, they have such a thing. “Ley de Derechos de La Madre Tierra” (The Rights of Mother Earth). This law holds that the land is sacred.  It is a living system that has the right to be protected from exploitation,  and creates a set of distinguished rights for the environment.

The Law of Mother Earth includes the following rights for the planet: 

1. To life: The right to maintain the integrity of living systems and natural processes that sustain them, and capacities and conditions for regeneration.

2. To the diversity of life: It is the right to preservation of differentiation and variety of beings that make up Mother Earth, without being genetically altered or structurally modified in an artificial way, so that their existence, functioning or future potential would be threatened.

3. To water: The right to preserve the functionality of the water cycle, its existence in the quantity and quality needed to sustain living systems, and its protection from pollution for the reproduction of the life of Mother Earth and all its components.

4. To clean air: The right to preserve the quality and composition of air for sustaining living systems and its protection from pollution, for the reproduction of the life of Mother Earth and all its components.

5. To equilibrium: The right to maintenance or restoration of the interrelationship, interdependence, complementarity and functionality of the components of Mother Earth in a balanced way for the continuation of their cycles and reproduction of their vital processes.

6. To restoration: The right to timely and effective restoration of living systems affected by human activities directly or indirectly.

7. To pollution-free living: The right to the preservation of any of Mother Earth’s components from contamination, as well as toxic and radioactive waste generated by human activities.

The document also has a set of obligations that are the duties of the people to the environment. You can see more of that in the information below.

FOR MORE INFORMATION, CHECK OUT THE FOLLOWING LINKS

Law of Mother Earth Complete Text (World Future Fund)

Law of the Rights of Mother Earth (Wikipedia)

Bolivia passes “Law of Mother Earth” which gives rights to our planet as a living system (The Earth Child)

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